India’s Role and Sustainability Commitments at the G7 Summit in Apulia, Italy

The recently concluded G7 summit in Apulia, Italy, marked a significant moment for global sustainability efforts, with India prominently represented by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This summit, attended by leaders from the world’s largest advanced economies, focused extensively on environmental sustainability, climate change mitigation, and global economic recovery in a post-pandemic world.

Key Sustainability Decisions and Commitments:

1. Climate Change Mitigation: One of the central themes of the summit was climate action. Leaders discussed ambitious targets to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, with intermediate goals set for 2030. India, represented by PM Modi, reiterated its commitment to the Paris Agreement and pledged to enhance its efforts to reduce carbon emissions through sustainable development practices.

2. Renewable Energy: A significant focus was placed on renewable energy expansion. India, known for its ambitious renewable energy targets, showcased its progress in solar and wind energy sectors. PM Modi highlighted India’s plans to increase its renewable energy capacity and emphasized the importance of international cooperation in technology transfer and investment to accelerate these efforts.

3. Biodiversity Conservation: Leaders at the summit discussed biodiversity conservation as a critical component of sustainable development. India, with its rich biodiversity and varied ecosystems, emphasized the need for global collaboration to protect endangered species and habitats. PM Modi highlighted India’s initiatives to expand protected areas and promote sustainable agriculture practices that minimize biodiversity loss.

4. Ocean Conservation: Another crucial area of discussion was ocean conservation and plastic pollution. India, represented by PM Modi, expressed its commitment to combating marine pollution and outlined national strategies to reduce plastic waste. Modi emphasized the role of innovation and public awareness in achieving cleaner oceans and sustainable coastal management practices.

India’s Current Stand Compared to Other Countries:

India’s participation in the G7 summit showcased its proactive stance on sustainability and climate change issues compared to other nations. While India faces challenges such as rapid urbanization and industrial growth, it has demonstrated leadership in adopting renewable energy solutions, enhancing forest cover, and promoting sustainable agriculture practices.

Promises and Initiatives by India:

– Net-Zero Emissions: India reiterated its goal to achieve net-zero emissions by 2070, aligning with global aspirations to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

– Renewable Energy Expansion: India aims to increase its renewable energy capacity to 450 GW by 2030, emphasizing solar and wind energy deployment.

– Sustainable Development Goals: India reaffirmed its commitment to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030, integrating sustainability into national policies and initiatives.

In the Pipeline:

– Green Hydrogen: India is exploring the potential of green hydrogen as a clean energy source, focusing on research and development to scale up production and reduce costs.

– Climate Adaptation: Efforts are underway to enhance climate resilience in vulnerable sectors such as agriculture, water management, and urban planning.

– International Partnerships: India seeks to strengthen partnerships with G7 countries and other international stakeholders to mobilize finance, technology, and expertise for sustainable development projects.


The G7 summit in Apulia underscored the critical importance of international cooperation in addressing global challenges like climate change and biodiversity loss. India’s participation and commitments reflect its evolving role as a proactive player in global sustainability efforts. As the world moves towards a greener future, India’s commitment to sustainable development will be pivotal in shaping global environmental policies and fostering inclusive growth for future generations.

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